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West Bengal is one of the oldest states in India, It is located in Eastern India on the Bay of Bengal. With over 91 million inhabitants (as of 2011), It is India’s fourth-most populous state. It has an area of 88,752 km2 (34,267 sq mi). Ancient Bengal was the site of several major janapadas. Ashoka was the ruler in the 2nd century BCE. In the 4th century CE, it was absorbed into the Gupta Empire. From the 13th century onward, the region was ruled by several sultans, powerful Hindu states, and Baro-Bhuyan landlords, until the beginning of British rule in the 18th century.
West Bengal is the state of India, located in the eastern part of the country. It is surrounded to the north by the state of Sikkim and the country of Bhutan, to the northeast by the state of Assam, to the east by the country of Bangladesh, to the south by the Bay of Bengal, to the southwest by the state of Odisha, to the west by the states of Jharkhand and Bihar, and to the northwest by the country of Nepal.
- 1 Updated West Bengal GK Questions and Current Affairs
Updated West Bengal GK Questions and Current Affairs
West Bengal is one of the largest states of India by area, and fourth by Population. West Bengal has the 6th position in GDP (Gross Domestic Production) which is ₹10.49 lakh crore. It is primarily dependent on agriculture and medium-sized industry, although services and heavy industries play an increasingly significant role in the economy of the state.
|3.||Chief Ministers||Mamata Banerjee|
|4.||Governor||Keshari Nath Tripathi|
|6.||State Animal||Fishing cat|
|7.||State Bird||White-throated Kingfisher|
|8.||State Flower||Night-flowering jasmine|
|9.||State Tree||Alstonia scholaris|
|10.||No. of District||19 Districts|
|12.||Vidhan Parishad (Legislative Council)||NA|
|13.||Vidhan Sabha (Legislative Assembly)||295 (294 + 1 Nominated)|
|14.||Major Airport|| |
|15.||Railway Stations|| |
|16.||Official Language||Bengali, English|
|17.||Time Zone||IST (UTC +5:30)|
|18.||Postal Code||Varies location wise|
|20.||Judiciary||Calcutta High Court|
West Bengal State GK History
After the independence in 1947, Bengal was partitioned along religious lines. The western part went to the Dominion of India (and was named West Bengal), while the eastern part went to the Dominion of Pakistan as a province called East Bengal (later renamed East Pakistan in 1956). The latter became the independent nation of Bangladesh in 1971. In 1950 the Princely State of Cooch Behar merged with West Bengal. In 1955 the former French enclave of Chandannagar, which had passed into Indian control after 1950, was integrated into West Bengal; portions of Bihar were also subsequently merged with West Bengal. Both West and East Bengal experienced large influxes of refugees during and after partition in 1947. Refugee resettlement and related issues continued to play a significant role in the politics and socio-economic condition of the state.
Below table will tell more about GK of West Bengal and Its history.
|1.||Established on||26 January 1950|
|2.||Capital Formation||26 January 1950|
|4.||Also Known as||Bengal|
|5.||Ruled By|| |
See the Complete list of rulers of Bengal
|6.||Major Historical Events|| |
Structure and Physiographic divisions (Geography)
West Bengal is situated on the eastern bottleneck of India, stretching from Nepal in the north to the Bay of Bengal in the south. The state has a total area of 88,752 square kilometres (34,267 sq mi). The Darjeeling Himalayan hill region in the northern extreme of the state is a part of the eastern Himalayas mountain range. In this region is Sandakfu, which, at 3,636 m (11,929 ft), is the highest peak in the state. The narrow Terai region separates the hills from the North Bengal plains, which in turn transitions into the Ganges delta towards the south. The Rarh region intervenes between the Ganges delta in the east and the western plateau and high lands. A small coastal region is in the extreme south, while the Sundarbans mangrove forests form a geographical landmark at the Ganges delta.
|1||Total Area||88,752 km2 (34,267 sq mi)|
|3||Rank of the state||Area Rank:- 14th
Population Rank:- 4th
|4||Population Density||1,029/km2 (2,670/sq mi)|
|5||State Bounded By||
|5||Soil & Minerals||
Coal constitutes 99% of the minerals extracted in West Bengal; fireclay, china clay, limestone, copper, iron, wolfram, manganese and dolomite are mined in small quantities
|8||Forest Area||16,847 km2 (6,505 sq mi) (As per 2017 Servey)|
|9||Climate||There are five main seasons in West Bengal: spring, summer, rainy season, a short autumn, and winter|
Click here to read the Complete list of Rivers in India
Click here to read the Complete list of Dams in India
Arts & Culture
West Bengal has a rich historical culture, as we know Kolkata was the former capital of India and It was the birthplace of modern Indian literary and artistic thought. Many social scientists say “Kolkata is the cultural capital of India”. West Bengal has a long tradition of popular literature, dance, music and drama largely based on Bengali folklore and Hindu epics and Puranas.
There is a large community resides in West Bengal like Hindu, Sikh, Muslims, Cristian etc. but the majority of Hinduism dominant. Durga Puja is the biggest festival in Kolkata, this is the annual autumnal celebration in honour of Hindu goddess Durga, is the biggest festival of majority Bengali Hindus.
|1||Folk Dance|| |
|3||Major Festival|| |
|4||Cuisine (Famous Food)|| |
|5||Traditional Dress|| |
The Economy of West Bengal
West Bengal is the powerhouse of the economy of India, It is the 6th largest economy in the country ₹10.49 lakh crore (US$150 billion). Agriculture was the primary source of income in West Bengal although in the 21st century, the economy of varies on a lot of other industries like Power & Energy, Communication, Railway, Ports, Telecommunication, Aviation etc.
Foreign direct investment
West Bengal government welcomes foreign technology and investments as may be appropriate for the needs of the state and is mutually advantageous. The FDI monitored of Government of India, Foreign direct investment has mostly come in the manufacturing and telecommunication sectors
During 2017-18, the state produced 387.86 million kg of tea, accounting for 29.27 per cent of India’s total tea production. Tea production from April to July 2018 reached 135.35 million kgs.
In 2017-18, West Bengal remains the second largest producer of potato in India, accounting for about 26.07 per cent of the country’s potato output. As of August 2018, the state’s potato production stood at 12.65 million tonnes in 2017-18. The state accounts for about 4.99 per cent of the total onshore production of natural gas in India, as of 2017-18. Total export from the IT sector of the state is estimated to have crossed Rs 19,000 crores (US$ 2.83 billion) in 2016-17.
|1||State GDP||₹10.49 lakh crore (US$150 billion) (2018-19)|
|2||Growth rate||11.5% (2017-18)|
|3||Per capita income||₹108,372 (US$1,500)|
|4||GDP per capita rank||6th|
|5||Major Industries|| |
|6||Major Imports|| |
|7||Major exports|| |
West Bengal state as the Indias earliest educational institutions built by the support of Europeans. Medical education in West Bengal has begun in 1801 at Royal and Military Hospital in the old city of West Bengal. West Bengal has Asia’s oldest medical college as West Bengal Medical College (Since 1845). National Institute of Technology NIT (National Institute of Technology) and IIT (Indian Institute of technology). Schools in West Bengal comes under the West Bengal Board of Secondary Education, CBSE, ICSE etc. The syllabus is Prescribed by the State Education Department.
|1.||Literacy Rate (2011)||76.26 %|
|4.||No. of School||50,000+|
|5.||Affiliation Board||West Bengal Board of Secondary Education, CBSE, ICSE|
|6.||No. of University||30+|
|6.||Colleges in West Bengal||500+ Colleges|
Educational Institution in West Bengal
Medical, Dental & Ayush Colleges in West Bengal
- Medical Colleges in West Bengal
- BUMS Colleges in West Bengal
- BHMS Colleges in West Bengal
- BAMS Colleges in West Bengal
- Dental Colleges in West Bengal
Engineering Colleges in West Bengal
- Engineering Colleges in Kolkata
- Engineering Colleges in Murshidabad
- Engineering Colleges in Medinipur
- Engineering Colleges in Cooch Behar
- Engineering colleges in Jalpaiguri
Polytechnic Colleges in West Bengal
Heritage Sites in West Bengal
The history of West Bengal is very long. The cultural heritage of West Bengal deserves immense study. From the snow-capped peaks visible from Darjeeling to Indo-Islamic architecture, terracotta temples to the modern city of Kolkata where the past is intertwined, West Bengal has a lot to offer.
|1||Major Tourist Places|| |
|2||Major Monuments|| |
|3||National Park|| |
|4||Wildlife Sanctuary|| |
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