GK & GS

{Updated} West Bengal GK & GS Questions and Answers 2018-2019

West Bengal GK

Hello friends, in this article, I am going to talk about West Bengal GK Questions (West Bengal State GK in PDF). These specially designed West Bengal general knowledge questions and answers are very useful for national level examination. This article is all about GK Questions and Current affairs of West Bengal. Aspirants applying for SSC and state level jobs in West Bengal must have a look at West Bengal GK Question and Current Affairs facts in this article.

West Bengal District Wise Map

West Bengal District Wise Map

You can read and download the latest West Bengal GK Questions and answers asked in popular state level service commissions of West Bengal. Now you don’t have to waste your money on costly West Bengal General Knowledge Books (West Bengal GK Books), the article is alone capable of answering all the questions asked in various State-level government Jobs in West Bengal.

West Bengal is one of the oldest states in India, It is located in Eastern India on the Bay of Bengal. With over 91 million inhabitants (as of 2011), It is India’s fourth-most populous state. It has an area of 88,752 km2 (34,267 sq mi). Ancient Bengal was the site of several major janapadas. Ashoka was the ruler in the 2nd century BCE. In the 4th century CE, it was absorbed into the Gupta Empire. From the 13th century onward, the region was ruled by several sultans, powerful Hindu states, and Baro-Bhuyan landlords, until the beginning of British rule in the 18th century.

West Bengal is the state of India, located in the eastern part of the country. It is surrounded to the north by the state of Sikkim and the country of Bhutan, to the northeast by the state of Assam, to the east by the country of Bangladesh, to the south by the Bay of Bengal, to the southwest by the state of Odisha, to the west by the states of Jharkhand and Bihar, and to the northwest by the country of Nepal.

Updated West Bengal GK Questions and Current Affairs

Administrative Structure

West Bengal is one of the largest states of India by area, and fourth by Population. West Bengal has the 6th position in GDP (Gross Domestic Production) which is ₹10.49 lakh crore. It is primarily dependent on agriculture and medium-sized industry, although services and heavy industries play an increasingly significant role in the economy of the state.

S.No Description Summary
1. Capital Kolkata
2. Administrative HQ Kolkata
3. Chief Ministers Mamata Banerjee
4. Governor Keshari Nath Tripathi
6. State Animal Fishing cat
7. State Bird White-throated Kingfisher
8. State Flower Night-flowering jasmine
9. State Tree Alstonia scholaris
10. No. of District 19 Districts
11. Loksabha Seats 42
12. Vidhan Parishad (Legislative Council) NA
13. Vidhan Sabha (Legislative Assembly) 295 (294 + 1 Nominated)
14. Major Airport
  • Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport
  • Bagdogra Airport
  • Kazi Nazrul Islam Airport
15. Railway Stations
  • Howrah Junction
  • Jalpaiguri Junction
  • Kharagpur Junction
  • Malda Town
  • New Cooch Behar
  • Siliguri
16. Official Language Bengali, English
17. Time Zone IST (UTC +5:30)
18. Postal Code Varies location wise
19. Vehicle Code WB
20. Judiciary Calcutta High Court
21. Seal West Bengal State Seal
22. Flag West Bengal Flag

West Bengal State GK History

After the independence in 1947, Bengal was partitioned along religious lines. The western part went to the Dominion of India (and was named West Bengal), while the eastern part went to the Dominion of Pakistan as a province called East Bengal (later renamed East Pakistan in 1956). The latter became the independent nation of Bangladesh in 1971. In 1950 the Princely State of Cooch Behar merged with West Bengal. In 1955 the former French enclave of Chandannagar, which had passed into Indian control after 1950, was integrated into West Bengal; portions of Bihar were also subsequently merged with West Bengal. Both West and East Bengal experienced large influxes of refugees during and after partition in 1947. Refugee resettlement and related issues continued to play a significant role in the politics and socio-economic condition of the state.

Below table will tell more about GK of West Bengal and Its history.

S.No Description Answer
1. Established on 26 January 1950
2. Capital Formation 26 January 1950
3. Largest city Kolkata
4. Also Known as Bengal
5. Ruled By
  • Haryanka Dynasty (568–413 BCE)
  • Shishunaga Dynasty (413–345 BCE)
  • Nanda Dynasty (345–321 BCE)
  • Maurya Dynasty (324–185 BCE)
  • Shunga Dynasty (185–73 BCE) etc.

See the Complete list of rulers of Bengal

6. Major Historical Events
  • The Indian Independence movement
  • The Bengal Renaissance

Structure and Physiographic divisions (Geography)

West Bengal is situated on the eastern bottleneck of India, stretching from Nepal in the north to the Bay of Bengal in the south. The state has a total area of 88,752 square kilometres (34,267 sq mi). The Darjeeling Himalayan hill region in the northern extreme of the state is a part of the eastern Himalayas mountain range. In this region is Sandakfu, which, at 3,636 m (11,929 ft), is the highest peak in the state. The narrow Terai region separates the hills from the North Bengal plains, which in turn transitions into the Ganges delta towards the south. The Rarh region intervenes between the Ganges delta in the east and the western plateau and high lands. A small coastal region is in the extreme south, while the Sundarbans mangrove forests form a geographical landmark at the Ganges delta.

S.No Description Summary
1 Total Area 88,752 km2 (34,267 sq mi)
2 Population 91,347,736 (2011)
3 Rank of the state Area Rank:- 14th

Population Rank:- 4th

4 Population Density 1,029/km2 (2,670/sq mi)
5 State Bounded By
  • Sikkim
  • Bhutan
  • Assam
  • Bangladesh
  • Jharkhand and Bihar
5 Soil & Minerals
  • Saline Alkali Soil
  • Non-Saline Alkali
  • Degraded Alkali Soil

Minerals:

Coal constitutes 99% of the minerals extracted in West Bengal; fireclay, china clay, limestone, copper, iron, wolfram, manganese and dolomite are mined in small quantities

7 Major Crops
Segment National Share %
Jute 82.5
Betel 75.8
Cauliflower 43.1
Sweet potato 37.3
Brinjal 34.2
Cabbage 28.4
Inland fish 28.2
Radish 27.0
Jackfruit 26.8
Tea 25.6
8 Forest Area  16,847 km2 (6,505 sq mi) (As per 2017 Servey)
9 Climate There are five main seasons in West Bengal: spring, summer, rainy season, a short autumn, and winter
10 Rivers
  • Ganga River
  • Haldi River
  • Jamuna River
  • Mahananda River

Click here to read the Complete list of Rivers in India

11 Major Dam
  • Dimu Dam
  • Kumari Dam
  • Ramchandrapur Dam

Click here to read the Complete list of Dams in India

12 Major Flora
  • Mahogany and sal (Shorea robusta).
13 Major Fauna
  • The Dooars area is famous for its verdant forests and tea gardens while the forests of Sunderbans are the natural habitat of the Royal Bengal Tiger.

Arts & Culture

West Bengal has a rich historical culture, as we know Kolkata was the former capital of India and It was the birthplace of modern Indian literary and artistic thought. Many social scientists say “Kolkata is the cultural capital of India”. West Bengal has a long tradition of popular literature, dance, music and drama largely based on Bengali folklore and Hindu epics and Puranas.

There is a large community resides in West Bengal like Hindu, Sikh, Muslims, Cristian etc. but the majority of Hinduism dominant. Durga Puja is the biggest festival in Kolkata, this is the annual autumnal celebration in honour of Hindu goddess Durga, is the biggest festival of majority Bengali Hindus.

S.No Description Summary
1 Folk Dance
  • Chhau Dance
2 Music
  • Baul, Bishnupuri Classical, Kirtan, Shyama Sangeet, Rabindra Sangeet, Nazrul Geeti, Atulprasadi, Dwijendrageeti, Kantageeti, Ganasangeet, Adhunik Gaan, Bengali rock
3 Major Festival
  • Durga Puja
  • Kali Puja & Diwali
  • Saraswati Puja
  • Holi (Dolyatra)
  • Rath Yatra
  • Jagaddhatri Puja
  • Eids and Muharram
  • Christmas
4 Cuisine (Famous Food)
  • The daily meal
  • Shak
  • Dal
  • Main course
  • Additional main course
  • Chutney
  • Fish
  • Meat etc.
5 Traditional Dress
  • Dhoti, Kurta, Sherwani, Pyjama and Lungi

The Economy of West Bengal

West Bengal is the powerhouse of the economy of India, It is the 6th largest economy in the country ₹10.49 lakh crore (US$150 billion). Agriculture was the primary source of income in West Bengal although in the 21st century, the economy of varies on a lot of other industries like Power & Energy, Communication, Railway, Ports, Telecommunication, Aviation etc.

Foreign direct investment

West Bengal government welcomes foreign technology and investments as may be appropriate for the needs of the state and is mutually advantageous. The FDI monitored of Government of India, Foreign direct investment has mostly come in the manufacturing and telecommunication sectors

Key Sectors

During 2017-18, the state produced 387.86 million kg of tea, accounting for 29.27 per cent of India’s total tea production. Tea production from April to July 2018 reached 135.35 million kgs.
In 2017-18, West Bengal remains the second largest producer of potato in India, accounting for about 26.07 per cent of the country’s potato output. As of August 2018, the state’s potato production stood at 12.65 million tonnes in 2017-18. The state accounts for about 4.99 per cent of the total onshore production of natural gas in India, as of 2017-18. Total export from the IT sector of the state is estimated to have crossed Rs 19,000 crores (US$ 2.83 billion) in 2016-17.

S.No Description Summary
1 State GDP ₹10.49 lakh crore (US$150 billion) (2018-19)
2 Growth rate 11.5% (2017-18)
3 Per capita income ₹108,372 (US$1,500)
4 GDP per capita rank 6th
5 Major Industries
  • Tea, Petroleum and Petrochemicals, Leather, Iron and Steel, Information Technology, Mineral Resources, Automobile and Auto Components, Biotechnology, Fisheries, Jute Products and Textiles.
6 Major Imports
  • NA
7 Major exports
  • Rice, Potato, Jute, Sugarcane and Wheat

Education

West Bengal state as the Indias earliest educational institutions built by the support of Europeans. Medical education in West Bengal has begun in 1801 at Royal and Military Hospital in the old city of West Bengal. West Bengal has Asia’s oldest medical college as West Bengal Medical College (Since 1845). National Institute of Technology NIT (National Institute of Technology) and IIT (Indian Institute of technology). Schools in West Bengal comes under the West Bengal Board of Secondary Education, CBSE, ICSE etc. The syllabus is Prescribed by the State Education Department.

Description Summary
1. Literacy Rate (2011) 76.26 %
2. Male 81.69 %
3. Female 70.54 %
4. No. of School 50,000+
5. Affiliation Board West Bengal Board of Secondary Education, CBSE, ICSE
6. No. of University 30+
6. Colleges in West Bengal 500+ Colleges

Educational Institution in West Bengal

Medical, Dental & Ayush Colleges in West Bengal

Engineering Colleges in West Bengal

Polytechnic Colleges in West Bengal

Heritage Sites in West Bengal

The history of West Bengal is very long. The cultural heritage of West Bengal deserves immense study. From the snow-capped peaks visible from Darjeeling to Indo-Islamic architecture, terracotta temples to the modern city of Kolkata where the past is intertwined, West Bengal has a lot to offer.

S.No Description Summary
1 Major Tourist Places
  • Kolkata: Victoria Memorial, Howrah Bridge, Dakshineswar Kali Temple, Belur Math, Kalighat Temple, St. Paul’s Cathedral Church
  • Darjeeling: Darjeeling Tea Gardens, Views of Kangchenjunga, Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, Ghum Railway Station, Peace Pagoda
  • Kalimpong: Deolo Hill, Teesta River, Tharpa Choling Monastery, Neora Valley National Park
  • Bishnupur: Rasmancha, Pancha Ratna Temple, Jor Bangla Mandir, Madanmohan Temple
  • Chandannagar: Chandannagore Strand, Vivekananda Mandir, Underground House, Nandadulal Jiu Mandir
  • Hooghly: Hangseshwari Temple, Antpur Radhagovindjiu Temple, Tarakeswar Temple, Pandua Minar, Hooghly Imambara
  • Mukutmanipur: Parasnath Hills, Deer Park, Kangsabati Dam
  • Murshidabad: Hazarduari Palace, Katra Mosque, Motijhil, Nizamat Imambara
  • Malda: Gaur, Firoj Minar, Malda Museum, Lattan Masjid
  • Midnapore: Mandarmani Beach, Chapaleswar Temple, Gopegarh Heritage Park
  • Ambika Kalna: Kalna Temple Complex, Pratapeswar Temple, 108 Shiva Temples
  • Cooch Behar: Cooch Behar Palace, Sagar Dighi Lake, Madan Mohan Temple
  • Siliguri: Coronation Bridge, Kali Mandir, Bengal Safari, Salugara Monastery
  • Jaldapara National Park: Indian Rhinoceros, Indian Elephant, Hog Deer, Bengal Florican, Indian Bison
  • Sundarbans National Park: Swamp Tigers, Salt Water Crocodile, Mangrove Forest, Water Monitor Lizard
2 Major Monuments
  • Rasmancha, Bishnupur
  • Cooch Behar Palace or Victor Jubilee Palace
  • Radhabinode Temple, Birbhum
  • Clive’s House, Dum Dum
  • Jor Bangla Temple, Bishnupur
  • Minar, Pandua
  • Lukochuri Gateway ( Darwaza), Malda
  • Hazarduari Palace, Murshidabad
  • Baraduari, Gour
  • Temple of Ichai Ghosh, Gourangpur
3 National Park
  • Buxa National Park 1992 117.10
  • Gorumara National Park 1992 79.45
  • Neora Valley National Park 1986 159.89
  • Singalila National Park 1986 78.60
  • Sunderban National Park 1984 1330.10
  • Jaldapara National Park
4 Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Lothian Island Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Sajnekhali Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Haliday Island Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Ramnabagan Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Rasikbil Bird Sanctuary
  • Senchal Wildlife Sanctuary

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